Why the thyroid and body weight are closely related
Thyroid problems are among the most common disorders that can distress the human body. The main function of this gland is the production of the hormone thyroxine, which controls the conversion of food to energy through chemical reactions. This butterfly shaped gland at the bottom of our throat performs an influential responsibility in our body’s metabolism, so when it doesn’t work fittingly, there occurs a needless weight deficit or weight achievement, subject to the variety of the setback it has acquired.
Hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism are self-explanatory terms and refer to medical ailments that take part in a chaos with our weight and could serve as the forerunners to other worrying health challenges if not treated correctly. The word hyper means overexcited whereas hypo refers to inadequacy. So here we are!
In actual fact hyperthyroidism is a condition of an overactive thyroid which thus manufactures hormones more than is required. As an outcome, the metabolism begins to function with an increased activity hence there occurs loss of weight without exercise or going on a diet. If hyperthyroidism is set aside without treatment osteoporosis (spongy bones), high blood pressure and problems linked with the heart can happen.
On the other hand, hypothyroidism, has to do with an underactivity of this gland, which does not craft adequate hormones hence slows down the metabolism and constructs minute bumps. The patient achieves weight without eating a lot. If this condition is held off and not handled appropriately, setbacks linked up with heart and intellect turn up in addition to infertility, goiter (fleshed out thyroid gland seen as a prominent swelling on the neck) and myxedema(critical hyperthyroidism).
Hypothyroidism symptoms can vary between insignificant to critical and include tiredness, non-efficiency to adjust to cold climate, chilly hands and feet, weidgt gain, constipation or improper movements of the intestines, sensations of dullness or pain in the wrists and hands. In case of a full blown disease, hyperthyroidism symptoms are a sickly skin, effortless discoloration of skin, acne / dehydrated skin, weakening of hair and hair fall, weak and fragile nails, allergies, asthma, slow heart rate, roughness of voice, puffiness around the eyes, improper menstrual periods (in females), hunger deficit, weight loss, painful muscles, lack of attentiveness, dull intellect, gloominess, anxiety, sleeplessness, migraines, loss of sexual desire, childlessness.etc
One could wonder about the possible link between the thyroid and weight.
Well, to simplify the matter, just remember that the function of the thyroxine is to control several functions of our body associated with brain, heart, muscles and division of foods into simpler constituents, so when our thyroid is in good shape and produces the suitable amount of thyroxine our metabolism remains normal; however in hypothyroidism, since the metabolism becomes lazy, weight gain occurs because the body is unable to produce the necessary amount of thyroxine;
Weight loss may also occur on account of other health disorders secondary to hypothyroidism, such as depression which could result in loss of hunger, hence weight loss. Also higher levels of thyroxine may increase the rate of metabolism; consequently, weight loss may happen, despite eating huge amounts of food. Sometimes, weight is gained because our metabolism is not up to the standard.
Thus we make out, that there is a complex relationship between thyroid and weight in our body.
Bottom line: If we are suspecting some thyroid problems and even if the results of investigations carried out on ourselves turn out to be normal, we should never hesitate to ask our doctor for more wide-spread investigations, because the test results are due to measurements of thyroxine levels in our blood rather than in our body tissues.